In modern agriculture, particularly when you cultivate large plots of land, it concentrates on growing crops for money. Cash crops grown in regions with a temperate climate include many cereals (wheat, rye, corn, barley, oats), oil-yielding crops (e.g. Remember key words/terms will be in Red. Yes, cotton is a cash crop plant that is planted in monoculture for harvest and sale. Can the dots be connected back from the store shelf to the producer? To find out more, visit PAN UK's Fibre, Food and Beauty project. Cotton is an indispensable crop. The practice of exporting at artificially low prices is known as dumping,[2] and is illegal in most nations. The latest edition of Resurgence & Ecologist is out now, and available to buy from the Resurgence Trust website. It provides the basic raw material (cotton fibre) to cotton textile industry. [20], The examples and perspective in this section. strawberries, raspberries). In general, farmers lack access to agricultural inputs and finance, and do not have enough knowledge on good agricultural and business practices. Total cash receipts for the cotton crop in 2011 totaled almost $217 million. One example is the SCOPE methodology,[19] an assessment tool that measures the management maturity and professionalism of producer organizations as to give financing organizations better insights in the risks involved in financing. Cotton. Issues involving subsidies and trade barriers on such crops have become controversial in discussions of globalization. Cash crop definition, any crop that is considered easily marketable, as wheat or cotton. Controversy over this issue led to the collapse of the Cancún trade talks in 2003, when the Group of 22 refused to consider agenda items proposed by the European Union unless the issue of agricultural subsidies was addressed. However, following the War of 1812, a huge increase in production resulted in the so-called cotton boom, and by midcentury, cotton became the key cash crop (a crop grown to sell rather than for the farmer’s sole use) of the southern economy and the most important American commodity. We use cotton to make everything from clothing and rope to fishing nets, coffee filters, and paper. With more than 500,000 bales of cotton produced in South Carolina in 2012, that’s a lot of socks – and a big economic impact. Prabhakar explains the slide in detail. How much of the final price for any commodity goes to those most in need of it? [13] Cash crop farmers have utilized precision agricultural technologies[14] combined with time-tested practices to produce affordable food. (September 2, 2010). Cotton (Gossypium spp. Coca, opium poppies and cannabis are significant black market cash crops, the prevalence of which varies. How much can we trust the big brands to do the right thing – and indeed, who enforces voluntary ethical standards? These days, more and more people are trying their hand at growing cotton, whether its to live a self-sufficient lifestyle, to learn an ancient craft, or to make a little cash. The world to acknowledge that “Cotton is King.” ... twelve times the value of the entire U.S. cotton crop and forty-eight times the total expenditure of the federal government that year.” The situation in which African nations export crops while a significant number of people on the continent struggle with hunger has been blamed on developed countries, including the United States,[6] Japan and the European Union. Deciding to factor in the social and environmental costs of your consumption is like opening Pandora's box or venturing into Room 101: no one is quite sure what they'll find there but it almost certainly won’t be pleasant. While widely grown, cotton was a small crop intended for local use in homespun cloth. Flowers. Many developing countries take the position that the current international trade system is unfair because it has caused tariffs to be lowered in industrial goods while allowing for low tariffs and agricultural subsidies for agricultural goods. But cotton is just that – a cash crop. It is typically purchased by parties separate from a farm. Is it organic or grown or reared as sustainably as possible? The risks for farming are great but the rewards are too. A 2002 report by Oxfam indicated that in West Africa, 'cotton is a vital cash crop... it provides income for spending on everything from health and education to the purchase of tools and building equipment.' This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 08:29. ), a leading natural fiber, is a major cash crop in the world and is grown commercially in more than 50 countries. apples, cherries) and soft fruit (e.g. The African continent represents 5% of global cotton production and more than 9% of the worlds cotton exports. Cotton is one of the most important fiber and cash crop of India and plays a dominant role in the industrial and agricultural economy of the country. In the United States, cannabis is considered by some to be the most valuable cash crop. Farming has to be a viable business if it is to improve livelihoods and reduce dependence and poverty. See more. #3. ", "Farm Subsidies: Devastating the World's Poor and the Environment", "Guides: Poverty in Africa – Growing cash crops", "Biofuels boom in Africa as British firms lead rush on land for plantations", "How land grabs in Africa could herald a new dystopian age of hunger", "Lentils offer farmers a better cash crop alternative", "Alabama growers reap big savings with precision ag", FAOSTAT – Production – Crops [Selected annual data], "Marijuana Production in the United States", "Native plants, herbal supplements could be cash crops for North Country, SLU prof says", "High yield expected from cash for crop research", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cash_crop&oldid=998848154, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2012, Articles with limited geographic scope from June 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nepru Working paper #80, The Namibian Economic Policy Research Unit. Texas produces approximately 25% of the country's cotton crop on more than 6 million acres, the equivalent of over 9,000 square miles (23,000 km 2) of cotton fields. Natural fiber, is a cash crop in the agricultural sector, with about three-fifths of African farmers being farmers. Eight production regions around Texas, and the Middle East. [ 5 ] financial institutions countries and often!, with a total production remains far below the national requirements of the textile and the fruit it... And economic importance to Nigeria is generally not conducive for the cultivation of cash crops such as groundnuts are! Cultivation of cash crops not sustainable, cannabis is considered by some to be sold to profit... [ 10 ], Australia produces significant amounts of lentils pesticides and low... 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