In mid-January 1916 Vice Adm. Reinhard Scheer replaced cautious Adm. Hugo von Pohl as commander in chief of the High Seas Fleet. Jutland was the last, and largest, of the great battleship battles. Scheer felt that a more aggressive war policy might prove fruitful, and he soon formulated a plan in accordance with that belief. 3.7 out of 5 stars 14. by Geoffrey Bennett | Sep 19, 2015. The Battle of Jutland was a naval encounter between the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet under Admiral Sir John Jellicoe and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet under Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer on 31st May to 1st June 1916. Omissions? It resulted in many casualties and loss of ships for both sides. At 2:20 pm, the cause of their meeting forgotten, both forces were signaling “Enemy in sight,” and at 2:28 pm the Galatea fired the first shots of the Battle of Jutland. At first the British press agreed, but the truth was not so clear-cut. While this action was in progress, British Commodore W.E. Directed by Alicia Arce. … At 7:16 pm, therefore, to cause a diversion and win time, he ordered his battle cruisers and torpedo-boat flotillas to virtually immolate themselves in a massed charge against the British. Three factors contributed to the extrication of the German ships from the trap: their own excellent construction, the steadiness and discipline of their crews, and the poor quality of the British shells. The Grand Fleet was ordered south to intercept, and a British force of submarines was amassed off various ports of the North Sea. This force would be followed at an interval of about 50 miles (80 km) by the battle squadrons of the High Seas Fleet under Scheer. Miraculously, there were no collisions. The 5th Battle Squadron (left behind by the faster battle cruisers) now joined the British line, and its heavy guns caused such damage to Hipper’s battle cruisers that the German torpedo-boat screen moved in to launch a torpedo attack. Had Jellicoe ordered the Grand Fleet forward through the Germans’ oncoming screen at that moment, the fate of the High Seas Fleet would have been sealed. Paradoxical as it may seem, it was no accident that the navies had avoided a direct confrontation until then. Destroyers were the lightest warships to fight at Jutland. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? This is the complete order of battle for the Battle of Jutland fought between 31 May and 1 June 1916. This chance meeting was extremely fortunate for the Germans, for Jellicoe’s battle squadrons were still 65 miles (105 km) to the north. A map of the Battle of Jutland, a naval battle fought by the British Royal Navy's Grand Fleet against the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet during the First World War.The only full-scale clash of battleships in the war, the Germans intended it to lure out, trap and destroy a portion of the Grand Fleet, as the German naval force was insufficient to openly engage the entire British fleet. Hipper led his group to sea at 1:00 am on May 31—the van of a fleet of 100 ships manned by approximately 45,000 officers and men. Initial encounters between Beatty’s force and the German High Seas Fleet resulted in the loss of several ships. Instead, their policy had been to keep the High Seas Fleet back and to let the submarines carry out the clandestine work of reducing the Grand Fleet piece by piece until it was sufficiently small for the Germans to face it with some hope of success. Then at 6:55 pm he ordered another 180° turn, possibly in the hope that he would pass astern of the main British line. Beatty immediately withdrew northward to lure the enemy toward the rest of the Grand Fleet, the 5th Battle Squadron covering the withdrawal. Casualties were listed as 2,551 killed and 507 wounded. The Battle of Jutland: What if the Germany's Battleships Had Prevailed? In late spring 1916, after months of calm in the North Sea following the naval action at the Dogger Bank, the main British and German fleets met in a face-to-face encounter for the first time. The Germans, now outgunned, turned for home. The U-boats’ sinking of the Nottingham contributed unwittingly to the German failure to lure the bigger game into their trap. History behind rivalry. The scheme worked: Adm. Sir John Jellicoe, commander in chief of the Grand Fleet, sent the 5th Battle Squadron south from the main British base at Scapa Flow, Scotland, to augment Vice Adm. Sir David Beatty’s 1st and 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadrons at Rosyth. On the evening of August 18, 11 weeks after the Battle of Jutland, he again put to sea with the High Seas Fleet, hoping this time that a bombardment of Sunderland would lure the Grand Fleet into a trap set by his U-boats. The public was notoriously sanguine, even the OTL strategic victory at Jutland was enough to completely disgrace Jellicoe in the public eye. It took place during the First World War off the coast of North West Jutland. Ships | The Battle of Jutland - Centenary Initiative 15005 page-template,page-template-ship-table,page-template-ship-table-php,page,page-id-15005,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,qode-child-theme-ver-1.0.0,qode-theme-ver-9.1.3,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-4.11.2.1,vc_responsive The bow and stern of HMS Invincible stick out of the water during the Battle of Jutland. It re-creates the events of the battle and examines why the number of British warships that … The Battle of Jutland (31 May–1 June 1916), fought between Britain’s Grand Fleet and Imperial Germany’s High Seas Fleet, was the largest naval battle of World War I, and one of the largest in recorded history, involving around 250 warships and tens of thousands of sailors. This was the crisis of the Battle of Jutland. The significant fact, however, was that despite these losses the balance of power in European waters was not essentially changed. Unfortunately for Scheer, this signal was intercepted by British listening stations, and, though its exact details were not completely understood, it was obvious from its wide distribution that a large-scale movement by the High Seas Fleet was imminent. The call sign of the German flagship was, in fact, still being heard from the Jadebusen. Visibility had worsened, and smoke lay thick over the seas. Documentary about the Battle of Jutland, a naval battle during World War I between the British and German fleets, which took place on 31 May and 1 June 1916 in the North Sea, off the west coast of Denmark. Scheer had turned again after nightfall and crossed astern of Jellicoe’s battle squadrons, resolutely brushing aside the British rearguard of light cruisers and destroyers in a series of sharp actions which caused losses on both sides. Nevertheless, the British Naval team won the battle and maintained the control of Jutland. On receipt of the signals from their light cruisers, both Beatty and Hipper turned and raced toward the sound of gunfire, and at 3:20 pm the two opposing lines of battle cruisers were in sight of each other, maneuvering for position. The Battle of Jutland was fought in the North Sea of the Atlantic Ocean, near Denmark. The Battle of Jutland. Beatty withdrew until Jellicoe arrived with the main fleet. 95. As it turned out, the submarines failed in this function, and the policy was modified to take into account the possibility of attacking the Grand Fleet in separate parts. Yet the Grand Fleet was still between the High Seas Fleet and the German ports, and this was the situation which Scheer most dreaded. It was also the first and only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships met each other in battle. As it was, because he overrated the danger of a torpedo attack, he ordered a turn away, and the two opposing lines of battleships steamed apart at more than 20 knots (23 miles [37 km] per hour). Jellicoe, not knowing whether a mine or a torpedo had been responsible for the sinking, turned north and for two hours steamed away from the enemy. While the German main fleet was penned in German ports, this condition was amply fulfilled. The Battle of Jutland took place between the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet on the 31st May 1916 in the North Sea, off the mainland of Denmark. Alexander-Sinclair, commanding the British 1st Light Cruiser Squadron aboard the Galatea, also saw the Danish ship and steamed off to investigate, accompanied by the light cruiser Phaeton. HMS Invincible's ammunition magazine exploded after the battlecruiser was hit by German shells. Destroyers. The Germans damaged Beatty’s flagship, HMS Lion, and sank HMS Indefatigable and HMS Queen Mary, both of which blew up when German shells hit their ammunition magazines. Battle of Jutland (May 31–June 1, 1916), naval engagement off the west coast of Denmark that was the only major encounter between the main British and German fleets in World War I. Placing full reliance in the seamanship of his captains, Scheer at 6:36 pm ordered a 180° turn for all ships together (the last ship becoming the leader), and, as the battleships and cruisers steered away in retreat, torpedo boats draped thick smoke screens across their rear. More Buying Choices $3.50 (22 used & new offers) Kindle $14.95 $ 14. It was the only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships actually came to blows. Scheer, did, however, have one more card up his sleeve which he sought to play in 1916. Actual brutal defeat at Jutland might see a faster transfer of command to a far less competent officer (i.e Beatty) and the Royal Navy jetting straight into catastrophe. By 6:45 pm contact with the Germans had been lost, and an unnatural silence descended. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. They would stage raids into the North Sea and bombard the English coast, with the aim of lurin… Never again did battle fleets meet again in … The British lost 14 ships and over 6,000 men, but were ready for action again the next day. Battle of Jutland, also called Battle of the Skagerrak, (May 31–June 1, 1916), the only major encounter between the main British and German battle fleets in World War I, fought near the Skagerrak, an arm of the North Sea, about 60 miles (97 km) off the west coast of Jutland (Denmark). This success, however, did little to relieve the intense bombardment, and the High Seas Fleet was still pressing forward into the steel trap of the Grand Fleet. Roughly 10 minutes later, Commodore E.S. It was the only time that the British and German fleets of 'dreadnought' battleships actually came to blows. Its whole outlook, fashioned by centuries of tradition, was based on the premise that so long as the sea routes were open for trade, the future of Britain and its empire was secure. The 24 minute animation gives the viewer an overview of the major “chapters” of the battle – the opening battle cruiser action, the Grand Fleet deployment, the Turn Away and the Night Destroyer actions. The two fleets fought to a draw, with the Germans inflicting more casualties, but still being lucky to escape alive. German losses numbered 1 pre-dreadnought, 1 battlecruiser, 5 light cruisers, 6 destroyers, and 1 submarine. The Germans, similarly, were well aware of the dangers inherent in a battle with the British Grand Fleet and had no intention of hazarding their ships in such a way. The Battle of Jutland was among the largest naval battles in world history. The main German fleet would then close the gap and destroy the British. The Germans therefore adopted a divide-and-conquer strategy. When it was over, 25 ships were at the bottom of the North Sea and more than 8,500 men were dead, three quarters of them Britons. Some 40 miles (64 km) still separated him from Beatty’s battle cruisers—and how much farther away was the main enemy force? Two torpedo boats were dispatched to investigate. Scheer hoped to destroy Beatty’s force before Jellicoe’s arrived, but the British were warned by their codebreakers and put both forces to sea early. At this moment another British battle cruiser, the Queen Mary, blew up with a shattering explosion, having been hit in a main magazine. A full account of the Battle of Jutland narrated by Admiral Jellicoe’s grandson as part of the Jutland Centenary Commemorations. At 3:48 pm Hipper’s flagship, the Lützow, opened fire, which was promptly returned, but during the next 20 minutes the British line suffered severely: the Lion, the Princess Royal, and the Tiger were hit repeatedly, and the Indefatigable, caught by two salvoes from the Von der Tann, capsized and sank. It is, therefore, not unfamiliar to hear people refer to Jutland as the British victory. As the German battle cruisers and torpedo boats steamed gallantly forward, the battleships astern became confused in their endeavour to turn away. Expanded Battle-Space - 200km x 200km battle space, with the North Sea as the back drop. The Lützow, the Derfflinger, and the battleship König led the line and were under broadside fire from 10 or more battleships, yet their main armament remained undamaged, and they fought back to such effect that one of their salvoes fell full on the Invincible (Hood’s flagship), causing an explosion which tore the ship in half and killed all except six of the crew. The German High Seas Fleet hoped to weaken the Royal Navy by launching an ambush on the British Grand Fleet in the North Sea. This is a major new account of the Battle of Jutland, the key naval battle of the First World War in which the British Grand Fleet engaged the German High Seas Fleet off the coast of Denmark in 1916. Jellicoe was informed, and by 10:30 pm—before even the German scouting group had left the Jadebusen (Jade Bay)—the entire British Grand Fleet was at sea, Jellicoe’s force making for a rendezvous with Beatty’s near the entrance to the Skagerrak, fairly across the planned route of the German fleet. It was the bloodiest day in British naval history, and the triumphant publication of such figures in the German press gave a worldwide impression that the Royal Navy had suffered a serious reverse. Was notoriously sanguine, even the OTL strategic victory at Jutland was fought on May 31-June 1 1916! 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